The Seven Basic Clause Types
Most sentences can be analysed into one of only seven basic clause types
Key - S: Subject, V: Verb, O: Object, C: Complement, A: Adverbial.
1) S + V - Jason sneezed.
2) S + V + O - Jason kicked a ball.
3) S + V + C - Jason is ready.
4) S + V + A - Jason walks to Manchester.
5) S + V + O + O - Jason took money from me.
6) S + V + O + C - Jason got a shoe wet.
7) S + V + O + A - Jason put his shoe in a box.
Sometimes the clause elements are used in a different sequence. This especially happens with questions, but can also happen with statements.
Jonah Hex / his name / is! - C + S + V
The adverbial is different to the other elements as it can be used often in a clause. For example:
Jake / leaned / on the stick / again / happily - S + V + A + A + A