Types of Sentence
There are two main types of sentences: regular and irregular. They can also be called: major and minor.
These are sentences that can be broken down into a specific pattern of elements (clauses):
My son has dropped a vase on the floor
David painted his house today
I threw a ball at John
A one clause sentence is called a 'simple sentence'. For example:
John dropped a rock on his toe.
Multiple SentencesA sentence with more than one clause is called a 'multiple sentence'. For example.
John dropped a rock on his toe and Freddie dropped a rock on his toe.
Minor SentencesMinor sentences are not constructed in a regular way. Unlike major sentences, they use abnormal patterns and cannot be organised into a series of clause elements. They often appear in every day conversation and when dialogue is written in fiction.
ExamplesFormulae for stereotyped social situations:
Hello. How are you? Thanks. Cheers!
Emotional noises - Known as interjections:
Oi! Hey! Tut-tut. Shh! Ow!
Proverbs or pithy sayings - Known as aphorisms:
Easy come, easy go. Like father, like son.
Wish you were here. Mix well. One lap more:
Words and phrases that are used as exclamations, questions, or commands:
Nice day! Oh for a gin! Taxi? All aboard!
Minor sentences, unlike major sentences, have to be remembered and used at they are. In a major sentence you can change the tense:
John drops a rock on his foot.
John dropped a rock on his foot.
Minor sentences however, don't work in this way:
Wish you were here.
Wish you are here.